Justice Leondra Kruger

Justice Kruger has written forty majority opinions on the criminal side of the docket.  Eighteen of them were in death penalty cases.  Six were in sentencing cases, five in constitutional law cases, three were in criminal procedure cases, two each were in habeas corpus and juvenile justice cases and one each were in cases involving

Since joining the Court, Justice Kruger has written thirty-two majority opinions.  Six involved civil procedure.  Five each were government and administrative law, tort law and employment law.  Justice Kruger has written two majorities involving constitutional law and insurance law and one each in environmental law, arbitration law, government and administrative law, election law, tax law,

Justice Kruger has voted with the majority in 94.06% of all civil cases.  She was in the majority in 96.3% of cases in 2015, 83.33% in 2016, 90.48% in 2017, 100% in 2018, 97.06% in 2019, 96.55% in 2020 and 100% up to our cut-off point in 2021.

Justice Kruger has voted with the majority

Since joining the Court, Justice Kruger has voted to affirm in civil cases 71 times.  She has cast split votes – affirm in part, reverse in part – 21 times and has voted to reverse 110 times.  Affirm votes have outnumbered votes to reverse in only one year: 2018 (13 affirm, 11 reverse).

Justice Kruger

Since joining the Court in 2015, Justice Kruger has written 49 opinions in civil cases: 32 majorities, 10 concurrences and seven dissents.  All of her dissents were in 2016 (4 dissents) and 2017 (3 dissents).  Justice Kruger wrote two concurrences per year in 2017, 2018 and 2019, three in 2020 and one in 2021.  Justice

This week, we begin our review of the tenure of Justice Leondra Kruger.  Justice Kruger took her seat in 2015, replacing Justice Joyce L. Kennard.  Since joining the Court, Justice Kruger has participated in 219 civil cases – 27 in 2015, 36 in 2016, 42 in 2017, 32 in 2018, 34 in 2019, 29 in

When Justice Kruger votes with the majority in a criminal case, she follows the expected pattern, more heavily questioning the losing party.  When she joins the majority in an affirmance, she averages 2.38 questions to appellants and 1.91 to respondents.  When she joins the majority in a reversal, she averages 3.6 questions to respondents and 3 to appellants.  When she joins the majority in a split decision, she averages 1.77 questions to respondents and 1.68 to appellants.
Continue Reading What Are Justice Kruger’s Question Patterns When She Disagrees With the Majority in Criminal Cases?